apache安装Bandwidth Mod模块

下载模块解压后用apxs进行安装

wget http://ivn.cl/files/source/mod_bw-0.92.tgz
tar zxvf mod_bw-0.92.tgz
apxs -c -i -a mod_bw.c


安装好后在对应的VirtualHost下加入下面代码

BandWidthModule On 
ForceBandWidthModule On 
BandWidth     all 131072 

BandWidth的单位:BandWidth [From] [bytes/s]

Apache优化模块mod_pagespeed

Google 发布了一个名为 mod_pagespeed 的自动化 Apache 优化模块,目前支持 CentOS, RHEL, Ubuntu, Debian, Fedora 等 Linux 发行版,用户只需要下载并安装相应的 Deb 或 RPM 包就可以完全自动优化 Apache Http 服务器了。

mod_pagespeed 可以做到:

  • 不需要对网站 CMS 系统进行改变即可应用。
  • 加速模块可以自行对网络传输的 html 字节优化及对图象 、css 进入压缩优化传输
  • 智能缓存是一大亮点,它可以自动智能缓存,加速下载

目前这套优化模块已经应用具于有 850万客户的 GoDaddy 服务器上,而且反响良好。根据此前的一些实践来看, 通过 mod_pagespeed 可以对 Web 性能的多个方面,包括缓存、客户端与服务器之间的连接、载荷大小等进行优化,最大可将页面加载时间缩短 50% 。

项目主页: http://code.google.com/speed/page-speed/docs/module.html
插件下载地址: http://code.google.com/speed/page-speed/download.html

开源项目地址: http://code.google.com/p/modpagespeed/

阅读剩余部分...

【更新】dedecms简单全免疫漏洞方法之.htaccess

一些程序虽然是开源的但是一些漏洞 我们不知道或者知道存在不知道怎么解决的时候 就得想偏门的办法来解决它。
<IfModule mod_rewrite.c>
RewriteEngine on
RewriteRule (plus|member|special|include|data|a|images|templets|uploads|dede|usr)/(.*).(php)$ – [F]
</IfModule>

apache下在.htaccess下加入代码就可以,如果是nginx做webserver可以参考dedecms免疫漏洞之nginx
plus目录下有些文件需要调用的话 另外再定制规则进去
更新:
原来的代码有个小问题就直接浏览目录php照样执行造成了一个死角,这次修改更新将死角彻底杜绝。

Apache的编译安装

安装Apache
# useradd -M www -s /sbin/nologin (增加 Apache运行账户)
# cd /usr/local/src/
# tar zvxf httpd-2.2.11.tar.bz2
# cd httpd-2.2.11
# ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/apache2 \
--with-included-apr \
--enable-so \
--enable-deflate=shared \
--enable-expires=shared \
--enable-rewrite=shared \
--enable-static-support \
--disable-userdir
# make
# make install

处理tomcat不必要的日志

在tomcat的安装目录logs下,会有manager,catalina,localhost,host-manager开头的日志文件,每天都生成一个,很讨厌的,如果不想要这些日志,可以这样处理,编辑tomcat安装目录下的conf下的logging.properties文件,把含有manager,catalina,localhost,host-manager等字眼的行注释掉就ok了,不过建议catalina的不要注释,这个文件很有用途!

Apache设置禁止访问.txt文件

Options -Indexes   FollowSymLinks
  AllowOverride All
  Order allow,deny
  Deny from all

TongWeb的安装

本帖最后由 lqph3387 于 2011-1-6 08:41 编辑

一,安装TongWeb5.0应用程序
TongWeb5.0需要在操作系统hosts文件中定义本机IP地址,并以本机的IP优先。如下所示:
192.168.12.1            localhost
127.0.0.1                  localhost
[tongweb@app9 ~]$useradd tongweb && su - tongweb
[tongweb@app9 ~]$sh Install_TW5.0.0.0_Linux.bin -i console
在Linux平台上安装TongWeb5.0,出现如下信息:
Preparing to install...
Extracting the installation resources from the installer archive...
Configuring the installer for this system's environment...
Launching installer...
Preparing CONSOLE Mode Installation...
===================================================================TongWeb5.0 (created with InstallAnywhere)
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
===================================================================License Agreement
-----------------
Installation and Use of TongWeb5.0 Requires Acceptance of the Following License
Agreement:
End user license agreement for Tongtech co., LTD software
The End user license agreement will be accompanied with the products and
related documents of Tongtech co., LTD. Please read it carefully. You will
be asked to accept this license and continue the installation. If you do
not accept this license, you should refuse it and quit the installation.
Grant of license:
Tongtech co., LTD grants you the license to use the software program, but you
must make such assurance as following to our company: Do not
use&iexcl;&cent;copy&iexcl;&cent;modify&iexcl;&cent;rent or convey this system besides the terms listed in this
license and the formal contact signed with Tongtech co., LTD.
You guarantee:
1. Using this software only on a single computer;
2. For the purpose of backup or archival management for the use on one
computer, making copy of this system by machine-reading format.
You guarantee not:
1. Transfer license of this system again.
2. Getting source codes of this system by altering, modifying, translating,
reversing, anti-editing, anti-compiling or any other methods.
PRESS <ENTER> TO CONTINUE:
2. 出现如上信息后,按回车键继续安装。
3. Copy or transfer this software in whole or in part.
When you transfer this software in part or in whole to any third part, your
right to use the software shall terminate immediately and without notice.
The copyright and ownership of this software:
The copyright of this software is owned by Tongtech co., LTD. The structures,
tissues and codes are the most valuable commercial secrets of Tongtech co.,
LTD. This software and documents are protected by national copyright laws and
international treaty provisions. You are not allowed to delete the copyright
notice from this software. You must agree to prohibit any kind of illegal copy
of this software and documents.
Limited warranty:
In the largest permitting area of the law, In no situation shall Tongtech
co., LTD be liable for any special, unexpected, direct or indirect damages
(including, without limitation, damages for loss of business profits, business
interruption, loss of business information, or any other pecuniary loss)
arising out of the use of or inability to use this product and the providing or
inability to provide supporting services, even if Tongtech co., LTD has been
advised of the possibility of such damages.
PRESS <ENTER> TO CONTINUE:
3. 出现如上信息后,按回车键继续安装。
Termination:
Tongtech co., LTD may terminate the license at any time if you violate any
term or condition of the license. When the license is terminated, you must
destroy all copies of the software and all of its documents immediately, or
return them to Tongtech co., LTD.
Law:
"Intelligent Property Protection Regulation", "Copyright Law", "Exclusive Law"
Now, you must have already carefully read and understand this license, and
agreed to obey all the terms and conditions strictly.
DO YOU ACCEPT THE TERMS OF THIS LICENSE AGREEMENT? (Y/N): y
4. 出现如上信息后,请选择是否接受许可条款,若接受请输入y。
===============================================================================
Choose Install Folder
---------------------
Where would you like to install?
Default Install Folder: /home/tongweb/TongWeb5.0
ENTER AN ABSOLUTE PATH, OR PRESS <ENTER> TO ACCEPT THE DEFAULT
: /usr/local/TongWeb5.0
5. 出现如上信息后,请输入安装路径,若同意使用给出的默认安装路径,请按回车键继续安装。
===================================================================
Pre-Installation Summary
------------------------
Please Review the Following Before Continuing:
Product Name:
TongWeb5.0
Install Folder:
/usr/local/TongWeb5.0
Link Folder:
/usr/local/TongWeb5.0
Disk Space Information (for Installation Target):
Required: 139,934,247 bytes
Available: 40,788,152,320 bytes
PRESS <ENTER> TO CONTINUE:
6. 出现如上信息后,请确认预安装信息是否正确,若正确请按回车键继续安装。
===============================================================================
Installing...
-------------
[==================|==================|==================|==================]
[------------------|------------------|------------------|------------------]
===============================================================================
Installation Complete
---------------------
Congratulations. TongWeb5.0 has been successfully installed to:
/usr/local/TongWeb5.0
PRESS <ENTER> TO EXIT THE INSTALLER:
7. 出现如上信息后,表示成功安装产品,按回车键结束安装。

二,安装License
在TongWeb5.0产品光盘中提供有license文件。TongWeb5.0 license文件目前包含如下控制:
1. 版本
2. 有效期
安装方法:将TongWeb5.0产品光盘中的license.dat文件复制到安装完成的TongWeb5.0根目录下。

三,启动TongWeb服务器
TongWeb5.0安装成功后,使用TongWeb5.0_HOME/bin目录下的startserver.sh启动TongWeb5.0应用服务器
[tongweb@app9 ~]$sh /usr/local/TongWeb5.0/bin/startserver.sh &

四,登陆控制台测试
http://IP:9060/twns/ 默认用户名和密码均为twns

五,加入开机自动启动
[tongweb@app9 ~]$echo '/bin/su -c "/usr/local/TongWeb5.0/bin/startserver.sh &"  tongweb' >> /etc/rc.local

LAMP 文档下载

Linux下切分Tomcat的catalina.out日志文件

随着Tomcat的运行,catalina.out文件会越来越大,虽然Tomcat每日会生成一个catalina.ymd.log的文件,但catalina.out主文件仍然不断增加,需要对catalina.out按日切分才好,在网上找了一下,看到一篇《rotating catalina.out in tomcat 5.5 using cronolog》,就用公司的Tomcat配置一下。

cronolog工具已经在服务器上装过,一个对日志切分的小工具,其主页在http://cronolog.org/,我们也用它来切分Apache的日志。

进入Tomcat的bin目录,打开catalina.sh文件,找到tomcat启动的相关行,或者你直接查找catalina.out,一般我们修改下面行中的内容(因为我们一般不会在-security条件下运行),

else
    “$_RUNJAVA” $JAVA_OPTS $CATALINA_OPTS \
    -Djava.endorsed.dirs=”$JAVA_ENDORSED_DIRS” -classpath “$CLASSPATH” \
    -Dcatalina.base=”$CATALINA_BASE” \
    -Dcatalina.home=”$CATALINA_HOME” \
    -Djava.io.tmpdir=”$CATALINA_TMPDIR” \
    org.apache.catalina.startup.Bootstrap “$@” start  \
    >> “$CATALINA_BASE”/logs/catalina.out 2>&1 &

    if [ ! -z "$CATALINA_PID" ]; then
    echo $! > $CATALINA_PID
    fi
    fi

修改
org.apache.catalina.startup.Bootstrap “$@” start  \
>> “$CATALINA_BASE”/logs/catalina.out 2>&1 &

org.apache.catalina.startup.Bootstrap “$@” start 2>&1 \
| /usr/local/sbin/cronolog “$CATALINA_BASE”/logs/catalina.%Y-%m-%d.out >> /dev/null &
同时,上面有一行
touch “$CATALINA_BASE”/logs/catalina.out
可以注释掉,完成之后重起Tomcat就可以了,在logs目录下可以看到catalina.2010-12-14.out的日志,是按日生成的。

Apache 结合php

Apache主配置文件为:/usr/local/apache2/conf/httpd.conf
# vim /usr/local/apache2/conf/httpd.conf
找到:
AddType application/x-gzip .gz .tgz
在该行下面添加
AddType application/x-httpd-php .php

找到:
<IfModule dir_module>
    DirectoryIndex index.html
</IfModule>
将该行改为
<IfModule dir_module>
    DirectoryIndex index.html index.htm index.php
</IfModule>

找到:
#Include conf/extra/httpd-mpm.conf
#Include conf/extra/httpd-info.conf
#Include conf/extra/httpd-vhosts.conf
#Include conf/extra/httpd-default.conf
去掉前面的“#”号,取消注释。

jdk1.6的安装

一,在sun的官方(https://cds.sun.com/is-bin/INTER ... R@CDS-CDS_Developer) 下载jdk-6u15-linux-i586.bin,上传至/usr/local/src目录
[root@host1 ~]# cd /usr/local/src
[root@host1 src]# chmod a+x jdk-6u15-linux-i586.bin
[root@host1 src]# sh jdk-6u15-linux-i586.bin
此时会出现JDK 安装授权协议。可以一路按Enter浏览,当出现Do you agree to the above license terms? [yes or no] 的字样。输入yes即可
[root@host1 src]# mv jdk1.6.0_15 /opt

二,设置环境变量
[root@host1 src]#vim /etc/profile
在末尾输入以下内容
#set java environment
JAVA_HOME=/opt/jdk1.6.0_15/
JAVA_BIN=/opt/jdk1.6.0_15/bin
JRE_HOME=/opt/jdk1.6.0_15/jre
PATH=$PATH:/opt/jdk1.6.0_15/bin:/opt/jdk1.6.0_15/jre/bin
CLASSPATH=/opt/jdk1.6.0_15/jre/lib:/opt/jdk1.6.0_15/lib:/opt/jdk1.6.0_15/jre/lib/charsets.jar
export JAVA_HOME JAVA_BIN JRE_HOME  PATH CLASSPATH
执行命令source /etc/profile,使配置立即生效
[root@host1 src]#source /etc/profile

三,测试
[root@host1 src]# java -version
java version "1.6.0_15"
Java(TM) SE Runtime Environment (build 1.6.0_15-b03)
Java HotSpot(TM) Server VM (build 14.1-b02, mixed mode)
出现以上信息则表示安装成功

Apache防盗链设置

说明:本文来自网络


位置一般情况下在 /usr/local/apache/conf/httpd.conf
或者apache 2.2 的 /usr/local/apache2/conf/extra/httpd-vhost.conf
添加

SetEnvIfNoCase Referer "^http://www.ccvita.com" local_ref=1
SetEnvIfNoCase Referer "^http://ccvita.com" local_ref=1
<filesmatch "\.(txt|doc|mp3|zip|rar|jpg|gif)">
Order Allow,Deny
Allow from env=local_ref
</filesmatch>

还一种写法,是用正则的,这种写法在各个版本的apache比较通用。
写法是

SetEnvIfNoCase Referer "^<strong>http://.*\.yourdomin\.com</strong>" local_ref=1
SetEnvIfNoCase Referer "<strong>.*\.yourdomin\.com</strong>" local_ref=1
<filesmatch "\.(txt|doc|mp3|zip|rar|jpg|gif)">
Order Allow,Deny
Allow from env=local_ref
</filesmatch>



本文来自CSDN博客,转载请标明出处:http://blog.csdn.net/qianling3439/archive/2009/02/05/3864248.aspx

tomcat的安装

本帖最后由 lqph3387 于 2011-1-5 10:10 编辑

一,在tomcat的官方http://tomcat.apache.org/下载tomcat相应的版本,本文下载的版本是apache-tomcat-6.0.18.tar.gz,然后上传至/usr/local/src目录
[root@host1 ~]# cd /usr/local/src
[root@host1 src]# tar -zxvf apache-tomcat-6.0.18.tar.gz  
[root@host1 src]#mv apache-tomcat-6.0.18 /usr/local/tomcat

二,修改tomcat启动脚本,并加入sysv服务
[root@host1 src]#cp –p /usr/local/tomcat/bin/catalina.sh /etc/init.d/tomcat
[root@host1 src]#vim  /etc/init.d/tomcat
在第二行加入以下内容
# chkconfig: 2345 63 37
# description: tomcat server init script
JAVA_HOME=/opt/jdk1.6.0_15/
CATALINA_HOME=/usr/local/tomcat
[root@host1 src]# chkconfig --add tomcat
[root@host1 src]#chkconfig tomcat on

三,加入内存控制的优化参数
[root@host1 src]#vim  /etc/init.d/tomcat
搜索关键字$have_tty -eq 1,在if [ $have_tty -eq 1 ]; then行下增加:
JAVA_OPTS="-server -Xms800m -Xmx800m -XX:PermSize=64M -XX:MaxNewSize=256m -XX:MaxPermSize=128m -Djava.awt.headless=true "

四,启动并测试
[root@host1 src]# service tomcat start
[root@host1 src]#ps aux|grep tomcat
通过浏览器访问http://ip:8080/出现tomcat的主页面就安装成功了

配置tomcat容器的access.log访问日志

本帖最后由 lqph3387 于 2010-12-14 15:03 编辑

编译server.xml文件,在
      <Host name="localhost"  appBase="webapps"
            unpackWARs="true" autoDeploy="true"
            xmlValidation="false" xmlNamespaceAware="false">
下追加如下信息:     
   <Valve className="org.apache.catalina.valves.AccessLogValve" directory="logs"  
               prefix="localhost_access." suffix=".log" pattern="combined" resolveHosts="false"/>

容器比较 tomcat jboss resion weblogic websphere

1. Tomcat是Apache鼎力支持的Java Web应用服务器,由于它优秀的稳定性以及丰富的文档资料,广泛的使用人群,从而在开源领域受到最广泛的青睐。&shy;

2. Jboss作为Java EE应用服务器,它不但是Servlet容器,而且是EJB容器,从而受到企业级开发人员的欢迎,从而弥补了Tomcat只是一个Servlet容器的缺憾。&shy;

3. Resin也仅仅是一个Servlet容器,然而由于它优秀的运行速度,使得它在轻量级Java Web领域备受喜爱,特别是在互联网Web服务领域,众多知名公司都采用其作为他们的Java Web应用服务器,譬如163、ku6等。&shy;商用应用服务器里主要有:Weblogic、Websphere,其中Weblogic我也使用过很长一段时间,当时也只用其当Servlet容器,然而就在同等条件下,在性能及易用性等方面,要比Tomcat优秀很多。